Inside the knee there are a pair of strong ligaments, which form an “X” configuration, and are called the cruciate ligaments. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) helps stabilise the knee by limiting the amount the tibia (shin bone) moves forwards in relation to the femur (thigh bone). It is one of the most commonly injured ligaments of the knee, due twisting type sports injuries, often non-contact.
An ACL injury can lead to pain and swelling immediately after the injury, but the long term implication is the lost of stability, leading to the knee giving way. Depending on how this affects your activities and sports, physiotherapy may improve your instability to a level suitable for your activities. If not, surgery may be indicated to reconstruction your ACL as the ligament does not heal and repairing it is not possible.
If surgery is being considered Mr Lee will discuss the benefits and risks with you.
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